The Al Qaeda Franchise

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The al-Qaeda Franchise Ebook Summary Download


Download The al-Qaeda Franchise free pdf ebook online. The al-Qaeda Franchise is a book by , on 2015-12-01. Enjoy reading 240 pages by starting download or read online The al-Qaeda Franchise.


By : ,
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2015-12-01
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Oxford University Press
Downloaders : 5994904
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The al-Qaeda Franchise asks why al-Qaeda adopted a branching-out strategy, introducing seven franchises spread over the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia. After all, transnational terrorist organizations can expand through other organizational strategies. Forming franchises was not an inevitable outgrowth of al-Qaeda's ideology or its U.S.-focused strategy. The efforts to create local franchises have also undermined one of al-Qaeda's primary achievements: the creation of a transnational entity based on religious, not national, affiliation. The book argues that al-Qaeda's branching out strategy was not a sign of strength, but instead a response to its decline in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. Franchising reflected an escalation of al-Qaeda's commitments in response to earlier strategic mistakes, leaders' hubris, and its diminished capabilities. Although the introduction of new branches helped al-Qaeda create a frightening image far beyond its actual capabilities, ultimately this strategy neither increased the al-Qaeda threat, nor enhanced the organization's political objectives. In fact, the rise of ISIS from an al-Qaeda branch to the dominant actor in the jihadi camp demonstrates how expansion actually incurred heavy costs for al-Qaeda. The al-Qaeda Franchise goes beyond explaining the adoption of a branching out strategy, also exploring particular expansion choices. Through nine case studies, it analyzes why al-Qaeda formed branches in some arenas but not others, and why its expansion in some locations, such as Yemen, took the form of in-house franchising (with branches run by al-Qaeda's own fighters), while other locations, such as Iraq and Somalia, involved merging with groups already operating in the target arena. It ends with an assessment of al-Qaeda's future in light of the turmoil in the Middle East, the ascendance of ISIS, and US foreign policy.

The al-Qaeda Franchise Ebook Summary Download


Download The al-Qaeda Franchise free pdf ebook online. The al-Qaeda Franchise is a book by Barak Mendelsohn on 2015-12-01. Enjoy reading 240 pages by starting download or read online The al-Qaeda Franchise.


By : Barak Mendelsohn
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2015-12-01
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Oxford University Press
Downloaders : 5994904
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The al-Qaeda Franchise asks why al-Qaeda adopted a branching-out strategy, introducing seven franchises spread over the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia. After all, transnational terrorist organizations can expand through other organizational strategies. Forming franchises was not an inevitable outgrowth of al-Qaeda's ideology or its U.S.-focused strategy. The efforts to create local franchises have also undermined one of al-Qaeda's primary achievements: the creation of a transnational entity based on religious, not national, affiliation. The book argues that al-Qaeda's branching out strategy was not a sign of strength, but instead a response to its decline in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. Franchising reflected an escalation of al-Qaeda's commitments in response to earlier strategic mistakes, leaders' hubris, and its diminished capabilities. Although the introduction of new branches helped al-Qaeda create a frightening image far beyond its actual capabilities, ultimately this strategy neither increased the al-Qaeda threat, nor enhanced the organization's political objectives. In fact, the rise of ISIS from an al-Qaeda branch to the dominant actor in the jihadi camp demonstrates how expansion actually incurred heavy costs for al-Qaeda. The al-Qaeda Franchise goes beyond explaining the adoption of a branching out strategy, also exploring particular expansion choices. Through nine case studies, it analyzes why al-Qaeda formed branches in some arenas but not others, and why its expansion in some locations, such as Yemen, took the form of in-house franchising (with branches run by al-Qaeda's own fighters), while other locations, such as Iraq and Somalia, involved merging with groups already operating in the target arena. It ends with an assessment of al-Qaeda's future in light of the turmoil in the Middle East, the ascendance of ISIS, and US foreign policy.

Multilateral Counter-Terrorism Ebook Summary Download


Download Multilateral Counter-Terrorism free pdf ebook online. Multilateral Counter-Terrorism is a book by Peter Romaniuk on 2010-04-05. Enjoy reading 240 pages by starting download or read online Multilateral Counter-Terrorism.


By : Peter Romaniuk
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2010-04-05
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Routledge
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Contemporary terrorism is a global phenomenon requiring a globalized response. In this book Peter Romaniuk aims to assess to what extent states seek multilateral responses to the threats they face from terrorists. Providing a concise history and a clear discussion of current patterns of counter-terrorist co-operation, this book: analyses a wide spectrum of institutions from the United Nations and its various bodies to military, intelligence and law enforcement agencies explains the full range of cooperative counter-terrorist activities and the patterns across them, from the use of intelligence and military force to criminal law measures, financial controls and diplomacy examines under what conditions states cooperate to suppress terrorism evaluates how existing international institutions been affected by the US-led "global war on terror," launched after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The book contests that the whilst there are several notable examples of successful counterterrorism cooperation, past and present, this work suggests that the broader trend can only be understood if we accept that across the domains of counter-terrorism policy, cooperation often resembles a competition for influence over outcomes. Multilateral Counter-terrorism is an essential resource for all students and scholars of international politics, criminology and terrorism studies.

Jihadism Constrained Ebook Summary Download


Download Jihadism Constrained free pdf ebook online. Jihadism Constrained is a book by Barak Mendelsohn on 2018-10-16. Enjoy reading 176 pages by starting download or read online Jihadism Constrained.


By : Barak Mendelsohn
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2018-10-16
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Rowman & Littlefield
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How threatening are al-Qaeda and the Islamic State? In Jihadism Constrained, Barak Mendelsohn suggests that although jihadi terrorism is a serious challenge, it must not be exaggerated. This book explains the three central challenges that transnational terrorist organizations and jihadi transnational groups in particular face.

Al Qaeda Ebook Summary Download


Download Al Qaeda free pdf ebook online. Al Qaeda is a book by Christopher M. Blanchard on 2010-06. Enjoy reading 18 pages by starting download or read online Al Qaeda.


By : Christopher M. Blanchard
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2010-06
Group : English Books
Publsh by : DIANE Publishing
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Contents: (1) Introduction: Al Qaeda: Statements 1994-2001: Founding Principles; ¿Declaration of Jihad¿; ¿Clash of Civilizations¿; (2) Al Qaeda Post-9/11; ¿The Goals of the New York Strike¿; Al Qaeda Statements in 2004-2007; Outreach and 'Truce¿ Proposals; Iraq and Al Qaeda¿s Ideology; Strategic Perspectives; Tactical Differences?; Iraq and Al Qaeda¿s Regional Ambitions; The ¿Islamic State of Iraq¿ and Discord; Political Goals and Perspectives on Reform; The Three Foundations; Al Qaeda on Democracy and Reform; Strategic Framework; Targeting Israel; The Importance of Oil; (3) Implications and Conclusion: Al Qaeda¿s Audiences; Pragmatic Messianism; Al Qaeda and the Jihadist International.

Knowing al-Qaeda Ebook Summary Download


Download Knowing al-Qaeda free pdf ebook online. Knowing al-Qaeda is a book by Christina Hellmich on 2016-04-22. Enjoy reading 192 pages by starting download or read online Knowing al-Qaeda.


By : Christina Hellmich
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2016-04-22
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Routledge
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Despite a plethora of studies devoted to it, the current understanding of al-Qaeda and the threat it poses remains vague and ambiguous. Is al-Qaeda a rigidly structured organisation, a global network of semi-independent cells, a franchise, or simply an ideology? What role did Osama bin Laden play within the group and its terrorist campaign? What does it mean to talk about the "global Salafi-jihad" threat allegedly confronting the West? In addressing such questions many writers have sought to offer definitive answers, yet overall the truth about al-Qaeda remains elusive. This book moves beyond this traditional approach in order to investigate and critically assess how such answers reflect the particular epistemological frameworks within which they are produced. Its chapters explore the varied contexts within which the obscure entity labelled al-Qaeda is constituted as a comprehensible object of political, strategic, cultural, and scientific knowledge, and within which 'terrorism' is rendered an experience of quotidian life. This volume offers a much-needed critical reflection on Western ways of talking and of thinking about the frightening experience of global terrorism. In trying to know how we know al-Qaeda, it offers us an opportunity to try to know ourselves and our often hidden assumptions about legitimacy, violence, and political purpose.

Al Qaeda and Affiliates Ebook Summary Download


Download Al Qaeda and Affiliates free pdf ebook online. Al Qaeda and Affiliates is a book by John Rollins on 2010-11. Enjoy reading 29 pages by starting download or read online Al Qaeda and Affiliates.


By : John Rollins
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2010-11
Group : English Books
Publsh by : DIANE Publishing
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Al Qaeda (AQ) has evolved into a significantly different terrorist org. than the one that perpetrated the 9/11 attacks. The pre-9/11 AQ was akin to a corp., with Osama Bin Laden acting as a CEO issuing orders and soliciting ideas from subordinates. It has transformed into a diffuse global network and philosophical movement composed of dispersed nodes with varying degrees of independence. Contents of this report: (1) Background; (2) AQ Origins; (3) Afghanistan; (4) Pakistan; (5) Arabian Peninsula; (6) Iraq; (7) North Africa/Sahel: Islamic Maghreb; Algeria; The Sahel; (8) Somalia; The Islamic Courts Union, Al Shabaab; (9) Radical Islamist Groups in SE Asia: Jemaah Islamiya; Abu Sayyaf Group; (10) AQ¿s Global Strategy and Long Term Policy Implications.

The Enemy At Home Ebook Summary Download


Download The Enemy At Home free pdf ebook online. The Enemy At Home is a book by Dinesh D'Souza on 2007-01-16. Enjoy reading 304 pages by starting download or read online The Enemy At Home.


By : Dinesh D'Souza
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2007-01-16
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Crown
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From THE ENEMY AT HOME: “In this book I make a claim that will seem startling at the outset. The cultural left in this country is responsible for causing 9/11. … In faulting the cultural left, I am not making the absurd accusation that this group blew up the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. I am saying that the cultural left and its allies in Congress, the media, Hollywood, the nonprofit sector, and the universities are the primary cause of the volcano of anger toward America that is erupting from the Islamic world. The Muslims who carried out the 9/11 attacks were the product of this visceral rage—some of it based on legitimate concerns, some of it based on wrongful prejudice, but all of it fueled and encouraged by the cultural left. Thus without the cultural left, 9/11 would not have happened. “I realize that this is a strong charge, one that no one has made before. But it is a neglected aspect of the 9/11 debate, and it is critical to understanding the current controversy over the ‘war against terrorism.’ … I intend to show that the left has actively fostered the intense hatred of America that has led to numerous attacks such as 9/11. If I am right, then no war against terrorism can be effectively fought using the left-wing premises that are now accepted doctrine among mainstream liberals and Democrats.” Whenever Muslims charge that the war on terror is really a war against Islam, Americans hasten to assure them they are wrong. Yet as Dinesh D’Souza argues in this powerful and timely polemic, there really is a war against Islam. Only this war is not being waged by Christian conservatives bent on a moral crusade to impose democracy abroad but by the American cultural left, which for years has been vigorously exporting its domestic war against religion and traditional morality to the rest of the world. D’Souza contends that the cultural left is responsible for 9/11 in two ways: by fostering a decadent and depraved American culture that angers and repulses other societies—especially traditional and religious ones— and by promoting, at home and abroad, an anti-American attitude that blames America for all the problems of the world. Islamic anti-Americanism is not merely a reaction to U.S. foreign policy but is also rooted in a revulsion against what Muslims perceive to be the atheism and moral depravity of American popular culture. Muslims and other traditional people around the world allege that secular American values are being imposed on their societies and that these values undermine religious belief, weaken the traditional family, and corrupt the innocence of children. But it is not “America” that is doing this to them, it is the American cultural left. What traditional societies consider repulsive and immoral, the cultural left considers progressive and liberating. Taking issue with those on the right who speak of a “clash of civilizations,” D’Souza argues that the war on terror is really a war for the hearts and minds of traditional Muslims—and traditional peoples everywhere. The only way to win the struggle with radical Islam is to convince traditional Muslims that America is on their side. We are accustomed to thinking of the war on terror and the culture war as two distinct and separate struggles. D’Souza shows that they are really one and the same. Conservatives must recognize that the left is now allied with the Islamic radicals in a combined effort to defeat Bush’s war on terror. A whole new strategy is therefore needed to fight both wars. “In order to defeat the Islamic radicals abroad,” D’Souza writes, “we must defeat the enemy at home.”

Blood Year Ebook Summary Download


Download Blood Year free pdf ebook online. Blood Year is a book by David Kilcullen on 2016-02-09. Enjoy reading 272 pages by starting download or read online Blood Year.


By : David Kilcullen
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2016-02-09
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Oxford University Press
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2014 has the potential to go down as a crucial year in modern world history. A resurgent and bellicose Russia took over Crimea and fueled a civil war in Eastern Ukraine. Post-Saddam Iraq, in many respects a creature of the United States because of the war that began in 2003, lost a third of its territory to an army of hyper-violent millennialists. The peace process in Israel seemed to completely collapse. Finally, after coalescing in Syria as a territorial entity, the Islamic State swept into northern Iraq and through northeastern Syria, attracting legions of recruits from Europe and the Middle East. In short, the post-Cold War security order that the US had constructed after 1991 seemed to be coming apart at the seams. David Kilcullen was one of the architects of America's strategy in the late phases of the second Gulf War, and also spent time in Afghanistan and other hotspots. In Blood Year, he provides a wide-angle view of the current situation in the Middle East and analyzes how America and the West ended up in such dire circumstances. Whereas in 2008 it appeared that the U.S. might pull a modest stalemate from the jaws of defeat in Iraq, six years later the situation had reversed. After America pulled out of Iraq completely in 2011, the Shi'ite president cut Sunnis out of the power structure and allowed Iranian influence to grow. And from the debris of Assad's Syria arose an extremist Sunni organization even more radical than Al Qaeda. Unlike Al Qaeda, ISIS was intent on establishing its own state, and within a remarkably short time they did. Interestingly, Kilcullen highlights how embittered former Iraqi Ba'athist military officers were key contributors to ISIS's military successes. Kilcullen lays much of the blame on Bush's initial decision to invade Iraq (which had negative secondary effects in Afghanistan), but also takes Obama to task for simply withdrawing and adopting a "leading from behind" strategy. As events have proven, Kilcullen contends, withdrawal was a fundamentally misguided plan. The U.S. had uncorked the genie, and it had a responsibility to at least attempt to keep it under control. Instead, the U.S. is at a point where administration officials state that the losses of Ramadi and Palmyra are manageable setbacks. Kilcullen argues that the U.S. needs to re-engage in the region, whether it wants to or not, because it is largely responsible for the situation that is now unfolding. Blood Year is an essential read for anyone interested in understanding not only why the region that the U.S. invaded a dozen years ago has collapsed into utter chaos, but also what it can do to alleviate the grim situation.

Relentless Pursuit Ebook Summary Download


Download Relentless Pursuit free pdf ebook online. Relentless Pursuit is a book by Samuel M. Katz on 2003-09-13. Enjoy reading 304 pages by starting download or read online Relentless Pursuit.


By : Samuel M. Katz
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2003-09-13
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Forge Books
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Al Queda's war on America did not start on September 11, 2001. Just ask the Diplomatic Security Service. It was on February 6, 1993, that the United States was first attacked on its own soil by foreign terrorists. A zealous band of Middle Easterners, holy warriors determined to punish the U.S. for its supposed transgressions against Islam, packed over a ton of home made explosives into the back of a rented van. They drove their bomb across the Hudson from New Jersey, maneuvered it through downtown traffic and parked it in the underground garage at the Vista Hotel, beneath the twin towers of the World Trade Center. They lit a long fuse, which allowed them time to get back to New Jersey to watch the results of the explosion on CNN. They hoped to topple one mammoth tower into the other and kill ten thousand people or more. Miraculously, only six people were killed. Most of the group were captured within a week, but the mastermind behind the attack, Ramzi Ahmed Yousef, had immediately gone to JFK airport to fly to Pakistan. Before leaving, he phoned the Associated Press and claimed responsibility for the bombing in the name of the Arab Liberation Army, a terrorist group led by Saudi exile Osama bin Laden. A succession of such brazen crimes has revealed complex connections among terrorist groups with an implacable hostility toward Western civilization. Outrages such as the assassination of the Jewish Defense League founder Meier Kahane, a huge plot in the Philippines to plant bombs on intercontinental airlines and to assassinate the Pope, the bombing of U.S. embassies, culminating in the African embassy bombings of 1998, the attack on the USS Cole in 1999, and the devastating attack on the World Trade Center in 2001 have made it clear that a worldwide network of terrorists led by Osama bin Laden is making war on the United States. On the front lines combating these terrorists in 150 countries around the world have been the 1,200 agents of the U.S. Department of State's Diplomatic Security Service. A little-known but highly effective branch of the government, the DSS is the one arm of federal law enforcement with international powers of arrest. These agents maintain close ties to local police commanders in many countries and can entice informants with bounties of up to $4,000,000. After a challenging international search, it was DSS agents in Pakistan who captured Ramzi Yousef. DSS agents have been in the vanguard of the War on Terrorism long before it was declared. In Relentless Pursuit, Samuel Katz review the escalating series of terrorist attacks on the U.S. during the last decade, including those in many foreign countries and finally in New York and Washington. In the process, he tells the gripping story of the DSS and its agents protecting us and our representatives here and abroad. Katz's detailed, personal, on-the-ground anecdotes bring home the contexts and linkages of the War on Terrorism that has been fought on our behalf by the DSS since the 1980s. Relentless Pursuit is a stirring tribute to an unsung group of brave Americans. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Www.terror.net Ebook Summary Download


Download Www.terror.net free pdf ebook online. Www.terror.net is a book by , on 2004. Enjoy reading 11 pages by starting download or read online Www.terror.net.


By : ,
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2004
Group : English Books
Publsh by : DIANE Publishing
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The Master Plan Ebook Summary Download


Download The Master Plan free pdf ebook online. The Master Plan is a book by Brian H. Fishman on 2016-11-22. Enjoy reading 288 pages by starting download or read online The Master Plan.


By : Brian H. Fishman
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2016-11-22
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Yale University Press
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An incisive narrative history of the Islamic State, from the 2005 master plan to reestablish the Caliphate to its quest for Final Victory in 2020 Given how quickly its operations have achieved global impact, it may seem that the Islamic State materialized suddenly. In fact, al-Qaeda’s operations chief, Sayf al-Adl, devised a seven-stage plan for jihadis to conquer the world by 2020 that included reestablishing the Caliphate in Syria between 2013 and 2016. Despite a massive schism between the Islamic State and al-Qaeda, al-Adl’s plan has proved remarkably prescient. In summer 2014, ISIS declared itself the Caliphate after capturing Mosul, Iraq—part of stage five in al-Adl’s plan. Drawing on large troves of recently declassified documents captured from the Islamic State and its predecessors, counterterrorism expert Brian Fishman tells the story of this organization’s complex and largely hidden past—and what the master plan suggests about its future. Only by understanding the Islamic State’s full history—and the strategy that drove it—can we understand the contradictions that may ultimately tear it apart.

Anatomy of Terror: From the Death of bin Laden to the Rise of the Islamic State Ebook Summary Download


Download Anatomy of Terror: From the Death of bin Laden to the Rise of the Islamic State free pdf ebook online. Anatomy of Terror: From the Death of bin Laden to the Rise of the Islamic State is a book by Ali Soufan on 2017-05-02. Enjoy reading 384 pages by starting download or read online Anatomy of Terror: From the Death of bin Laden to the Rise of the Islamic State.


By : Ali Soufan
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2017-05-02
Group : English Books
Publsh by : W. W. Norton & Company
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"Anyone who wants to understand the world we live in now should read this book." —Lawrence Wright To eliminate the scourge of terrorism, we must first know who the enemy actually is, and what his motivations are. In Anatomy of Terror, former FBI special agent and New York Times best-selling author Ali Soufan dissects Osama bin Laden’s brand of jihadi terrorism and its major offshoots, revealing how these organizations were formed, how they operate, their strengths, and—crucially—their weaknesses. This riveting account examines the new Islamic radicalism through the stories of its flag-bearers, including a U.S. Air Force colonel who once served Saddam Hussein, a provincial bookworm who declared himself caliph of all Muslims, and bin Laden’s own beloved son Hamza, a prime candidate to lead the organization his late father founded. Anatomy of Terror lays bare the psychology and inner workings of al-Qaeda, the Islamic State, and their spawn, and shows how the spread of terror can be stopped. Winner of the Airey Neave Memorial Book Prize

The Rise and Fall of Al-Qaeda Ebook Summary Download


Download The Rise and Fall of Al-Qaeda free pdf ebook online. The Rise and Fall of Al-Qaeda is a book by Fawaz A. Gerges on 2011-09-14. Enjoy reading 272 pages by starting download or read online The Rise and Fall of Al-Qaeda.


By : Fawaz A. Gerges
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2011-09-14
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Oxford University Press
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In this concise and fascinating book, Fawaz A. Gerges argues that Al-Qaeda has degenerated into a fractured, marginal body kept alive largely by the self-serving anti-terrorist bureaucracy it helped to spawn. In The Rise and Fall of Al-Qaeda, Gerges, a public intellectual known widely for his expertise on radical ideologies, including jihadism, argues that the Western powers have become mired in a "terrorism narrative," stemming from the mistaken belief that America is in danger of a devastating attack by a crippled al-Qaeda. To explain why al-Qaeda is no longer a threat, he provides a briskly written history of the organization, showing its emergence from the disintegrating local jihadist movements of the mid-1990s-not just the Afghan resistance of the 1980s, as many believe-in "a desperate effort to rescue a sinking ship by altering its course." During this period, Gerges interviewed many jihadis, gaining a first-hand view of the movement that bin Laden tried to reshape by internationalizing it. Gerges reveals that transnational jihad has attracted but a small minority within the Arab world and possesses no viable social and popular base. Furthermore, he shows that the attacks of September 11, 2001, were a major miscalculation--no "river" of fighters flooded from Arab countries to defend al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, as bin Laden expected. The democratic revolutions that swept the Middle East in early 2011 show that al-Qaeda today is a non-entity which exercises no influence over Arabs' political life. Gerges shows that there is a link between the new phenomenon of homegrown extremism in Western societies and the war on terror, particularly in Afghanistan-Pakistan, and that homegrown terror exposes the structural weakness, not strength, of bin Laden's al-Qaeda. Gerges concludes that the movement has splintered into feuding factions, neutralizing itself more effectively than any Predator drone. Forceful, incisive, and written with extensive inside knowledge, this book will alter the debate on global terrorism.

Exploring Terrorist Targeting Preferences Ebook Summary Download


Download Exploring Terrorist Targeting Preferences free pdf ebook online. Exploring Terrorist Targeting Preferences is a book by Martin C. Libicki,Peter Chalk,Melanie W. Sisson,Melanie Sisson on 2007-03-09. Enjoy reading 130 pages by starting download or read online Exploring Terrorist Targeting Preferences.


By : Martin C. Libicki,Peter Chalk,Melanie W. Sisson,Melanie Sisson
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2007-03-09
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Rand Corporation
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Governments spend billions to protect against terrorism. Might it help to understand what al Qaeda would achieve with each specific attack? This book examines various hypotheses of terrorist targeting: is it (1) to coerce, (2) to damage economies, (3) to rally the faithful, or (4) a decision left to affiliates? This book analyzes past attacks, post hoc justifications, and expert opinion to weigh each hypothesis.

Road Warriors Ebook Summary Download


Download Road Warriors free pdf ebook online. Road Warriors is a book by Daniel Byman on 2019-05-02. Enjoy reading 336 pages by starting download or read online Road Warriors.


By : Daniel Byman
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2019-05-02
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Oxford University Press
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Ever since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, fighters from abroad have journeyed in ever-greater numbers to conflict zones in the Muslim world to defend Islam from-in their view-infidels and apostates. The phenomenon recently reached its apogee in Syria, where the foreign fighter population quickly became larger and more diverse than in any previous conflict. In Road Warriors, Daniel Byman provides a sweeping history of the jihadist foreign fighter movement. He begins by chronicling the movement's birth in Afghanistan, its growing pains in Bosnia and Chechnya, and its emergence as a major source of terrorism in the West in the 1990s, culminating in the 9/11 attacks. Since that bloody day, the foreign fighter movement has seen major ups and downs. It rode high after the 2003 US invasion of Iraq, when the ultra-violent Al Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) attracted thousands of foreign fighters. AQI overreached, however, and suffered a crushing defeat. Demonstrating the resilience of the movement, however, AQI reemerged anew during the Syrian civil war as the Islamic State, attracting tens of thousands of fighters from around the world and spawning the bloody 2015 attacks in Paris among hundreds of other strikes. Although casualty rates are usually high, the survivors of Afghanistan, Syria, and other fields of jihad often became skilled professional warriors, going from one war to the next. Still others returned to their home countries, some to peaceful retirement but a deadly few to conduct terrorist attacks. Over time, both the United States and Europe have learned to adapt. Before 9/11, volunteers went to and fro to Afghanistan and other hotspots with little interference. Today, the United States and its allies have developed a global program to identify, arrest, and kill foreign fighters. Much remains to be done, however-jihadist ideas and networks are by now deeply embedded, even as groups such as Al Qaeda and the Islamic State rise and fall. And as Byman makes abundantly clear, the problem is not likely to go away any time soon.

The Al-Qaeda Doctrine Ebook Summary Download


Download The Al-Qaeda Doctrine free pdf ebook online. The Al-Qaeda Doctrine is a book by Donald Holbrook on 2014-07-31. Enjoy reading 288 pages by starting download or read online The Al-Qaeda Doctrine.


By : Donald Holbrook
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2014-07-31
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
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Ever since it was first established, the senior leadership of Al-Qaeda has sought to communicate its core values, rationalizations, and principles to the world. Altogether, these statements convey Al-Qaeda's doctrine and the beliefs for which the leadership claims to be fighting. This volume in the New Directions in Terrorism Studies series analyzes over 250 statements made by the organization's two key leaders, Ayman Al-Zawahiri and Usama Bin Ladin, over the last two decades. It provides an in-depth and systematic analysis of these communications, showing which key issues emphasized by the two leaders evolved over time and highlighting their core principles. It explore Al-Qaeda's problem diagnosis, the solutions offered by its two leaders, their escalating --although often contradictory-- approach towards violence, and their chosen communication strategy for different types of audiences. The book shows how Al-Qaeda's leadership began to develop an increasingly critical approach towards Islam in the wake of the 9/11 attacks and discusses tensions that may undermine the resilience of its doctrine. This unique evidence-based analysis of Al-Qaeda will attract academics specializing in terrorism and counterterrorism as well as the policy community.

Armed Drones and Globalization in the Asymmetric War on Terror Ebook Summary Download


Download Armed Drones and Globalization in the Asymmetric War on Terror free pdf ebook online. Armed Drones and Globalization in the Asymmetric War on Terror is a book by Fred Aja Agwu on 2017-12-06. Enjoy reading 342 pages by starting download or read online Armed Drones and Globalization in the Asymmetric War on Terror.


By : Fred Aja Agwu
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2017-12-06
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Routledge
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This book is a critical exploration of the war on terror from the prism of armed drones and globalization. It is particularly focused on the United States’ use of the drones, and the systemic dysfunctions that globalization has caused to international political economy and national security, creating backlash in which the desirability of globalization is not only increasingly questioned, but the resultant dissension about its desirability appears increasingly militating against the international consensus needed to fight the war on terror. To underline the controversial nature of the "war on terror" and the pragmatic weapon (armed drones) fashioned for its prosecution, some of the elements of this controversy have been interrogated in this book. They include, amongst others, the doubt over whether the war should have been declared in the first place because terrorist attacks hardly meet the United Nations’ casus belli – an armed attack. There are critics, as highlighted in this book, who believe that the "war on terror" is not an armed conflict properly so called, and, thus, remains only a "law enforcement issue." The United States and all the states taking part in the war on terror are obligated to observe International Humanitarian Law (IHL). It is within this context of IHL that this book appraises the drone as a weapon of engagement, discussing such issues as "personality" and "signature" strikes as well as the implications of the deployment of spies as drone strikers rather than the Defence Department, the members of the U.S armed forces. This book will be of value to researchers, academics, policymakers, professionals, and students in the fields of security studies, terrorism, the law of armed conflict, international humanitarian law, and international politics.

Stalemate Ebook Summary Download


Download Stalemate free pdf ebook online. Stalemate is a book by Greg C. Reeson on 2011-09-01. Enjoy reading 242 pages by starting download or read online Stalemate.


By : Greg C. Reeson
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2011-09-01
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Government Institutes
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This book argues that the United States is waging an unwinnable war against terrorism—that Muslim extremist ideology is a problem we cannot soon solve, but only manage using all the elements of national power: diplomatic, information, military, economic, intelligence, and law enforcement.

Beyond al-Qaeda: Part 2, The Outer Rings of the Terrorist Universe Ebook Summary Download


Download Beyond al-Qaeda: Part 2, The Outer Rings of the Terrorist Universe free pdf ebook online. Beyond al-Qaeda: Part 2, The Outer Rings of the Terrorist Universe is a book by Angel Rabasa,Peter Chalk,Kim Cragin,Sara A. Daly,Heather S. Gregg on 2002-10-14. Enjoy reading 215 pages by starting download or read online Beyond al-Qaeda: Part 2, The Outer Rings of the Terrorist Universe.


By : Angel Rabasa,Peter Chalk,Kim Cragin,Sara A. Daly,Heather S. Gregg
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2002-10-14
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Rand Corporation
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Examines violent terrorist groups that, while not formally allied with al-Qaeda, could pose a threat to Americans now or in the future and to the security of our friends and allies. The authors show how terrorists use criminal organizations and connections to finance their activities, and they identify distinct strategies to neutralize or mitigate these threats.