Hidden Figures The American Dream And The Untold Story Of The Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win The Space Race

Here you will find list of Hidden Figures The American Dream And The Untold Story Of The Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win The Space Race free ebooks online for read and download. View and read Hidden Figures The American Dream And The Untold Story Of The Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win The Space Race pdf ebook free online before you decide to download by clicking Read and Download button. Enjoy reading free Hidden Figures The American Dream And The Untold Story Of The Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win The Space Race pdf ebooks online now. More ebooks visit this site to search read and download full ebook.


Freeebooksonline.net is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a way for websites to earn advertising revenues by advertising and linking to Amazon.com

Rise of the Rocket Girls Ebook Summary Download


Download Rise of the Rocket Girls free pdf ebook online. Rise of the Rocket Girls is a book by Nathalia Holt on 2016-04-05. Enjoy reading 352 pages by starting download or read online Rise of the Rocket Girls.


By : Nathalia Holt
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2016-04-05
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Little, Brown
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
The riveting true story of the women who launched America into space. In the 1940s and 50s, when the newly minted Jet Propulsion Laboratory needed quick-thinking mathematicians to calculate velocities and plot trajectories, they didn't turn to male graduates. Rather, they recruited an elite group of young women who, with only pencil, paper, and mathematical prowess, transformed rocket design, helped bring about the first American satellites, and made the exploration of the solar system possible. For the first time, Rise of the Rocket Girls tells the stories of these women -- known as "human computers" -- who broke the boundaries of both gender and science. Based on extensive research and interviews with all the living members of the team, Rise of the Rocket Girls offers a unique perspective on the role of women in science: both where we've been, and the far reaches of space to which we're heading. "If Hidden Figures has you itching to learn more about the women who worked in the space program, pick up Nathalia Holt's lively, immensely readable history, Rise of the Rocket Girls." -- Entertainment Weekly

Hidden Figures Ebook Summary Download


Download Hidden Figures free pdf ebook online. Hidden Figures is a book by Margot Lee Shetterly on 2018-05-08. Enjoy reading 384 pages by starting download or read online Hidden Figures.


By : Margot Lee Shetterly
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2018-05-08
Group : English Books
Publsh by : HarperCollins
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
Based on the New York Times bestselling book and the Academy Award–nominated movie, author Margot Lee Shetterly and Coretta Scott King Illustrator Honor Award winner Laura Freeman bring the incredibly inspiring true story of four black women who helped NASA launch men into space to picture book readers! Dorothy Vaughan, Mary Jackson, Katherine Johnson, and Christine Darden were good at math…really good. They participated in some of NASA's greatest successes, like providing the calculations for America's first journeys into space. And they did so during a time when being black and a woman limited what they could do. But they worked hard. They persisted. And they used their genius minds to change the world. In this beautifully illustrated picture book edition, we explore the story of four female African American mathematicians at NASA, known as "colored computers," and how they overcame gender and racial barriers to succeed in a highly challenging STEM-based career. "Finally, the extraordinary lives of four African American women who helped NASA put the first men in space is available for picture book readers," proclaims Brightly in their article "18 Must-Read Picture Books of 2018." "Will inspire girls and boys alike to love math, believe in themselves, and reach for the stars." This nonfiction picture book is an excellent choice to share in the classroom or for homeschooling.

Reaching for the Moon Ebook Summary Download


Download Reaching for the Moon free pdf ebook online. Reaching for the Moon is a book by Katherine Johnson on 2019-07-02. Enjoy reading 256 pages by starting download or read online Reaching for the Moon.


By : Katherine Johnson
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2019-07-02
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Simon and Schuster
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
“This rich volume is a national treasure.” —Kirkus Reviews (starred review) “Captivating, informative, and inspiring…Easy to follow and hard to put down.” —School Library Journal (starred review) The inspiring autobiography of NASA mathematician Katherine Johnson, who helped launch Apollo 11. As a young girl, Katherine Johnson showed an exceptional aptitude for math. In school she quickly skipped ahead several grades and was soon studying complex equations with the support of a professor who saw great promise in her. But ability and opportunity did not always go hand in hand. As an African American and a girl growing up in an era of brutal racism and sexism, Katherine faced daily challenges. Still, she lived her life with her father’s words in mind: “You are no better than anyone else, and nobody else is better than you.” In the early 1950s, Katherine was thrilled to join the organization that would become NASA. She worked on many of NASA’s biggest projects including the Apollo 11 mission that landed the first men on the moon. Katherine Johnson’s story was made famous in the bestselling book and Oscar-nominated film Hidden Figures. Now in Reaching for the Moon she tells her own story for the first time, in a lively autobiography that will inspire young readers everywhere.

Summary and Analysis of Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race Ebook Summary Download


Download Summary and Analysis of Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race free pdf ebook online. Summary and Analysis of Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race is a book by Worth Books on 2016-12-27. Enjoy reading 30 pages by starting download or read online Summary and Analysis of Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race.


By : Worth Books
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2016-12-27
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Open Road Media
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
So much to read, so little time? Get an overview of Hidden Figures, the true story about the African American female mathematicians who helped NASA win the space race. Margot Lee Shetterly’s Hidden Figures tells the incredible real-life account of Dorothy Vaughan, Mary Jackson, Katherine Johnson, and Christine Darden—who, in a time when black women faced seemingly insurmountable obstacles, went to work as “calculators” at NASA. With pencils, paper, and slide rules, they transformed airplane, rocket, and satellite designs—and ensured a World War II victory. Despite the social and political climate at the height of Jim Crow, these women rose up and became integral to the project that put the first man on the moon. From World War II to the Cold War to the civil rights movement to the space race, Hidden Figures tells the story of four remarkable women whose contributions to science led to some of NASA’s greatest successes. The book has become a New York Times bestseller as well as a Screen Actors Guild Award–winning and Academy Award–nominated picture starring Taraji P. Henson, Octavia Spencer, Kirsten Dunst, and Kevin Costner. With historical context, important quotes, fascinating trivia, a glossary of terms, and other features, this summary and analysis of Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race is intended to complement your reading experience and bring you closer to a great work of nonfiction.

The Glass Universe Ebook Summary Download


Download The Glass Universe free pdf ebook online. The Glass Universe is a book by Dava Sobel on 2016-12-06. Enjoy reading 336 pages by starting download or read online The Glass Universe.


By : Dava Sobel
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2016-12-06
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Penguin
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
From #1 New York Times bestselling author Dava Sobel, the "inspiring" (People), little-known true story of women's landmark contributions to astronomy A New York Times Book Review Notable Book of 2017 Named one of the best books of the year by NPR, The Economist, Smithsonian, Nature, and NPR's Science Friday Nominated for the PEN/E.O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award "A joy to read.” —The Wall Street Journal In the mid-nineteenth century, the Harvard College Observatory began employing women as calculators, or “human computers,” to interpret the observations their male counterparts made via telescope each night. At the outset this group included the wives, sisters, and daughters of the resident astronomers, but soon the female corps included graduates of the new women's colleges—Vassar, Wellesley, and Smith. As photography transformed the practice of astronomy, the ladies turned from computation to studying the stars captured nightly on glass photographic plates. The “glass universe” of half a million plates that Harvard amassed over the ensuing decades—through the generous support of Mrs. Anna Palmer Draper, the widow of a pioneer in stellar photography—enabled the women to make extraordinary discoveries that attracted worldwide acclaim. They helped discern what stars were made of, divided the stars into meaningful categories for further research, and found a way to measure distances across space by starlight. Their ranks included Williamina Fleming, a Scottish woman originally hired as a maid who went on to identify ten novae and more than three hundred variable stars; Annie Jump Cannon, who designed a stellar classification system that was adopted by astronomers the world over and is still in use; and Dr. Cecilia Helena Payne, who in 1956 became the first ever woman professor of astronomy at Harvard—and Harvard’s first female department chair. Elegantly written and enriched by excerpts from letters, diaries, and memoirs, The Glass Universe is the hidden history of the women whose contributions to the burgeoning field of astronomy forever changed our understanding of the stars and our place in the universe.

Power in Numbers Ebook Summary Download


Download Power in Numbers free pdf ebook online. Power in Numbers is a book by Talithia Williams on 2018-04-10. Enjoy reading 288 pages by starting download or read online Power in Numbers.


By : Talithia Williams
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2018-04-10
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Race Point Publishing
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
From rocket scientists to code breakers, discover the incredibly inspiring stories of more than 30 women who fought through the obstacles, shattered the stereotypes, and embraced their STEM passions. Prepare to be inspired. With more than 200 photos and original interviews with several of the amazing women covered, Power in Numbers: The Rebel Women of Mathematics is a full-color volume that takes aim at the forgotten influence of women on the development of mathematics over the last two millennia. Each biography reveals the amazing life of a different female mathematician, from her childhood and early influences, to the obstacles she faced and the great achievements she made in spite of them. Learn how: After her father terminated her math lessons, Sofia Kovalevskaya snuck algebra books into her bed to read at night. Emmy Noether became an invaluable resource to Albert Einstein while she was in the Navy. Native American rocket scientist Mary Golda Ross developed designs for fighter jets and missiles in a top-secret unit. Katherine Johnson’s life-or-death calculations at NASA meant that astronauts such as Alan Shepard and John Glenn made it home alive. Shakuntala Devi multiplied massive numbers in her head so her family could eat at night. Pamela Harris proved her school counselors wrong when they told her she would only succeed as a bilinguial secretary. Carla Cotwright-Williams began her life in the dangerous streets of South-Central Los Angeles before skyrocketing to a powerful career with the Department of Defense in Washington DC. One thing uniting these women’s stories is that at some point on their journeys, someone believed in them; someone made them think the impossible was perhaps not so impossible. May their stories empower the next generation of STEM rebels to continue advancing mathematical theory, bringing awareness to the field, and increasing our Power in Numbers.

Weapons of Math Destruction Ebook Summary Download


Download Weapons of Math Destruction free pdf ebook online. Weapons of Math Destruction is a book by Cathy O'Neil on 2016-09-06. Enjoy reading 288 pages by starting download or read online Weapons of Math Destruction.


By : Cathy O'Neil
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2016-09-06
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Crown
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • A former Wall Street quant sounds the alarm on Big Data and the mathematical models that threaten to rip apart our social fabric—with a new afterword “A manual for the twenty-first-century citizen . . . relevant and urgent.”—Financial Times NATIONAL BOOK AWARD LONGLIST • NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY The New York Times Book Review • The Boston Globe • Wired • Fortune • Kirkus Reviews • The Guardian • Nature • On Point We live in the age of the algorithm. Increasingly, the decisions that affect our lives—where we go to school, whether we can get a job or a loan, how much we pay for health insurance—are being made not by humans, but by machines. In theory, this should lead to greater fairness: Everyone is judged according to the same rules. But as mathematician and data scientist Cathy O’Neil reveals, the mathematical models being used today are unregulated and uncontestable, even when they’re wrong. Most troubling, they reinforce discrimination—propping up the lucky, punishing the downtrodden, and undermining our democracy in the process. Welcome to the dark side of Big Data.

Data Feminism Ebook Summary Download


Download Data Feminism free pdf ebook online. Data Feminism is a book by Catherine D'Ignazio,Lauren F. Klein on 2020-03-31. Enjoy reading 328 pages by starting download or read online Data Feminism.


By : Catherine D'Ignazio,Lauren F. Klein
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2020-03-31
Group : English Books
Publsh by : MIT Press
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
A new way of thinking about data science and data ethics that is informed by the ideas of intersectional feminism. Today, data science is a form of power. It has been used to expose injustice, improve health outcomes, and topple governments. But it has also been used to discriminate, police, and surveil. This potential for good, on the one hand, and harm, on the other, makes it essential to ask: Data science by whom? Data science for whom? Data science with whose interests in mind? The narratives around big data and data science are overwhelmingly white, male, and techno-heroic. In Data Feminism, Catherine D'Ignazio and Lauren Klein present a new way of thinking about data science and data ethics—one that is informed by intersectional feminist thought. Illustrating data feminism in action, D'Ignazio and Klein show how challenges to the male/female binary can help challenge other hierarchical (and empirically wrong) classification systems. They explain how, for example, an understanding of emotion can expand our ideas about effective data visualization, and how the concept of invisible labor can expose the significant human efforts required by our automated systems. And they show why the data never, ever “speak for themselves.” Data Feminism offers strategies for data scientists seeking to learn how feminism can help them work toward justice, and for feminists who want to focus their efforts on the growing field of data science. But Data Feminism is about much more than gender. It is about power, about who has it and who doesn't, and about how those differentials of power can be challenged and changed.

My Remarkable Journey Ebook Summary Download


Download My Remarkable Journey free pdf ebook online. My Remarkable Journey is a book by Katherine Johnson,Joylette Hylick,Katherine Moore on 2021-05-25. Enjoy reading 256 pages by starting download or read online My Remarkable Journey.


By : Katherine Johnson,Joylette Hylick,Katherine Moore
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2021-05-25
Group : English Books
Publsh by : HarperCollins
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
The remarkable woman at heart of the smash New York Times bestseller and Oscar-winning film Hidden Figures tells the full story of her life, including what it took to work at NASA, help land the first man on the moon, and live through a century of turmoil and change. In 2015, at the age of 97, Katherine Johnson became a global celebrity. President Barack Obama awarded her the prestigious Presidential Medal of Freedom—the nation’s highest civilian honor—for her pioneering work as a mathematician on NASA’s first flights into space. Her contributions to America’s space program were celebrated in a blockbuster and Academy-award nominated movie. In this memoir, Katherine shares her personal journey from child prodigy in the Allegheny Mountains of West Virginia to NASA human computer. In her life after retirement, she served as a beacon of light for her family and community alike. Her story is centered around the basic tenets of her life—no one is better than you, education is paramount, and asking questions can break barriers. The memoir captures the many facets of this unique woman: the curious “daddy’s girl,” pioneering professional, and sage elder. This multidimensional portrait is also the record of a century of racial history that reveals the influential role educators at segregated schools and Historically Black Colleges and Universities played in nurturing the dreams of trailblazers like Katherine. The author pays homage to her mentor—the African American professor who inspired her to become a research mathematician despite having his own dream crushed by racism. Infused with the uplifting wisdom of a woman who handled great fame with genuine humility and great tragedy with enduring hope, My Remarkable Journey ultimately brings into focus a determined woman who navigated tough racial terrain with soft-spoken grace—and the unrelenting grit required to make history and inspire future generations.

PISA Take the Test Sample Questions from OECD's PISA Assessments Ebook Summary Download


Download PISA Take the Test Sample Questions from OECD's PISA Assessments free pdf ebook online. PISA Take the Test Sample Questions from OECD's PISA Assessments is a book by OECD on 2009-02-02. Enjoy reading 318 pages by starting download or read online PISA Take the Test Sample Questions from OECD's PISA Assessments.


By : OECD
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2009-02-02
Group : English Books
Publsh by : OECD Publishing
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
This book presents all the publicly available questions from the PISA surveys. Some of these questions were used in the PISA 2000, 2003 and 2006 surveys and others were used in developing and trying out the assessment.

Between the World and Me Ebook Summary Download


Download Between the World and Me free pdf ebook online. Between the World and Me is a book by Ta-Nehisi Coates on 2015-07-14. Enjoy reading 176 pages by starting download or read online Between the World and Me.


By : Ta-Nehisi Coates
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2015-07-14
Group : English Books
Publsh by : One World
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • NATIONAL BOOK AWARD WINNER • NAMED ONE OF TIME’S TEN BEST NONFICTION BOOKS OF THE DECADE • PULITZER PRIZE FINALIST • NATIONAL BOOK CRITICS CIRCLE AWARD FINALIST • ONE OF OPRAH’S “BOOKS THAT HELP ME THROUGH” • NOW AN HBO ORIGINAL SPECIAL EVENT Hailed by Toni Morrison as “required reading,” a bold and personal literary exploration of America’s racial history by “the most important essayist in a generation and a writer who changed the national political conversation about race” (Rolling Stone) NAMED ONE OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL BOOKS OF THE DECADE BY CNN • NAMED ONE OF PASTE’S BEST MEMOIRS OF THE DECADE • NAMED ONE OF THE TEN BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY The New York Times Book Review • O: The Oprah Magazine • The Washington Post • People • Entertainment Weekly • Vogue • Los Angeles Times • San Francisco Chronicle • Chicago Tribune • New York • Newsday • Library Journal • Publishers Weekly In a profound work that pivots from the biggest questions about American history and ideals to the most intimate concerns of a father for his son, Ta-Nehisi Coates offers a powerful new framework for understanding our nation’s history and current crisis. Americans have built an empire on the idea of “race,” a falsehood that damages us all but falls most heavily on the bodies of black women and men—bodies exploited through slavery and segregation, and, today, threatened, locked up, and murdered out of all proportion. What is it like to inhabit a black body and find a way to live within it? And how can we all honestly reckon with this fraught history and free ourselves from its burden? Between the World and Me is Ta-Nehisi Coates’s attempt to answer these questions in a letter to his adolescent son. Coates shares with his son—and readers—the story of his awakening to the truth about his place in the world through a series of revelatory experiences, from Howard University to Civil War battlefields, from the South Side of Chicago to Paris, from his childhood home to the living rooms of mothers whose children’s lives were taken as American plunder. Beautifully woven from personal narrative, reimagined history, and fresh, emotionally charged reportage, Between the World and Me clearly illuminates the past, bracingly confronts our present, and offers a transcendent vision for a way forward.

Code Girls Ebook Summary Download


Download Code Girls free pdf ebook online. Code Girls is a book by Liza Mundy on 2017-10-10. Enjoy reading 432 pages by starting download or read online Code Girls.


By : Liza Mundy
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2017-10-10
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Hachette Books
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
The award-winning New York Times bestseller about the American women who secretly served as codebreakers during World War II--a "prodigiously researched and engrossing" (New York Times) book that "shines a light on a hidden chapter of American history" (Denver Post). Recruited by the U.S. Army and Navy from small towns and elite colleges, more than ten thousand women served as codebreakers during World War II. While their brothers and boyfriends took up arms, these women moved to Washington and learned the meticulous work of code-breaking. Their efforts shortened the war, saved countless lives, and gave them access to careers previously denied to them. A strict vow of secrecy nearly erased their efforts from history; now, through dazzling research and interviews with surviving code girls, bestselling author Liza Mundy brings to life this riveting and vital story of American courage, service, and scientific accomplishment.

Meet You in Hell Ebook Summary Download


Download Meet You in Hell free pdf ebook online. Meet You in Hell is a book by Les Standiford on 2005-05-10. Enjoy reading 336 pages by starting download or read online Meet You in Hell.


By : Les Standiford
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2005-05-10
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Crown
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
Two founding fathers of American industry. One desire to dominate business at any price. “Masterful . . . Standiford has a way of making the 1890s resonate with a twenty-first-century audience.”—USA Today “The narrative is as absorbing as that of any good novel—and as difficult to put down.”—Miami Herald The author of Last Train to Paradise tells the riveting story of Andrew Carnegie, Henry Clay Frick, and the bloody steelworkers’ strike that transformed their fabled partnership into a furious rivalry. Set against the backdrop of the Gilded Age, Meet You in Hell captures the majesty and danger of steel manufacturing, the rough-and-tumble of the business world, and the fraught relationship between “the world’s richest man” and the ruthless coke magnate to whom he entrusted his companies. The result is an extraordinary work of popular history. Praise for Meet You in Hell “To the list of the signal relationships of American history . . . we can add one more: Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick . . . The tale is deftly set out by Les Standiford.”—Wall Street Journal “Standiford tells the story with the skills of a novelist . . . a colloquial style that is mindful of William Manchester’s great The Glory and the Dream.”—Pittsburgh Tribune-Review “A muscular, enthralling read that takes you back to a time when two titans of industry clashed in a battle of wills and egos that had seismic ramifications not only for themselves but for anyone living in the United States, then and now.”—Dennis Lehane, author of Mystic River

Century of the Wind Ebook Summary Download


Download Century of the Wind free pdf ebook online. Century of the Wind is a book by Eduardo Galeano on 2014-04-29. Enjoy reading 336 pages by starting download or read online Century of the Wind.


By : Eduardo Galeano
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2014-04-29
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Open Road Media
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
“Nothing less than a unified history of the Western Hemisphere.” —The New Yorker From Guatemala to Rio de Janeiro, La Paz to New York City, Managua to Havana, Century of the Wind ties together the events and people—both large and small—that define the Americas. In hundreds of lyrical and vivid narratives, the final installment of Galeano’s indispensible trilogy sees the building of the Panama Canal, the disenfranchisement of indigenous peoples living over Colombia’s oil fields, the creation of Superman and the heyday of Faulkner, and coups and upheavals that cleaved an already fragmented continent. Galeano’s elegy moves year by year through the century of Castro, Picasso, and Reagan, blending the many voices and varying locales of North and South America and forming a history that is stunning in its scope and savage beauty.

Sophie's World Ebook Summary Download


Download Sophie's World free pdf ebook online. Sophie's World is a book by Jostein Gaarder on 2007-03-20. Enjoy reading 544 pages by starting download or read online Sophie's World.


By : Jostein Gaarder
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2007-03-20
Group : English Books
Publsh by : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
One day Sophie comes home from school to find two questions in her mail: "Who are you?" and "Where does the world come from?" Before she knows it she is enrolled in a correspondence course with a mysterious philosopher. Thus begins Jostein Gaarder's unique novel, which is not only a mystery, but also a complete and entertaining history of philosophy.

Recoding Gender Ebook Summary Download


Download Recoding Gender free pdf ebook online. Recoding Gender is a book by Janet Abbate on 2012-10-19. Enjoy reading 258 pages by starting download or read online Recoding Gender.


By : Janet Abbate
Language : English
Ratings : Very Good
Category : Books
Release Date : 2012-10-19
Group : English Books
Publsh by : MIT Press
Downloaders : 5994904
Viewers : 5994904

GET BOOK
The untold history of women and computing: how pioneering women succeeded in a field shaped by gender biases. Today, women earn a relatively low percentage of computer science degrees and hold proportionately few technical computing jobs. Meanwhile, the stereotype of the male “computer geek” seems to be everywhere in popular culture. Few people know that women were a significant presence in the early decades of computing in both the United States and Britain. Indeed, programming in postwar years was considered woman's work (perhaps in contrast to the more manly task of building the computers themselves). In Recoding Gender, Janet Abbate explores the untold history of women in computer science and programming from the Second World War to the late twentieth century. Demonstrating how gender has shaped the culture of computing, she offers a valuable historical perspective on today's concerns over women's underrepresentation in the field. Abbate describes the experiences of women who worked with the earliest electronic digital computers: Colossus, the wartime codebreaking computer at Bletchley Park outside London, and the American ENIAC, developed to calculate ballistics. She examines postwar methods for recruiting programmers, and the 1960s redefinition of programming as the more masculine “software engineering.” She describes the social and business innovations of two early software entrepreneurs, Elsie Shutt and Stephanie Shirley; and she examines the career paths of women in academic computer science. Abbate's account of the bold and creative strategies of women who loved computing work, excelled at it, and forged successful careers will provide inspiration for those working to change gendered computing culture.